Leishmania (Kinetoplastida): species typing with isoenzyme and PCR-RFLP from cutaneous leishmaniasis patients in Ethiopia.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an increasing public health problem in Ethiopia. There is a concern that it is spreading with increased incidence. In this study, we used isoenzyme electrophoresis and internal transcribed spacer one (ITS1) PCR-RFLP techniques to identify Leishmania species from CL patients in Ethiopia. We obtained isolates from 55 localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL), 3 diffused cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) and 36 biopsy samples from 34 LCL and 2 DCL cases from All Africa Leprosy and Tuberculosis Rehabilitation and Training Center (ALERT) and clinically diagnosed CL cases from Ochollo village. Both isoenzyme and ITS1 PCR-RFLP techniques showed that Leishmania aethiopica (L. aethiopica) was the aetiologic agent in all cases. Our study also showed that ITS1 PCR-RFLP could identify Leishmania species from biopsy samples and suggests the method could be used for epidemiological surveillance of leishmaniasis in Ethiopia and for species-specific diagnosis.