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Trend of epidemiological indicators of leprosy in an endemic state of the Amazon region.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the temporal trend of epidemiological indicators of leprosy in the State of Amapá.

METHOD: Time series study, carried out in the Notifiable Diseases Information System. The indicators analyzed were: annual detection rate of new cases, detection rate of new cases in the population from 0 to 14 years old, rate of new cases with grade 2 of disability, proportion of new cases with grade 2 and proportion of new multibacillary cases, between 2005 and 2018. The analysis of the temporal evolution was made by linear regression.

RESULTS: The detection rate of new cases and the rate of children under 15 years showed a decreasing trend. The rate of new cases with grade 2 of disability and the proportion of cases with grade 2 showed oscillation. The proportions of multibacillary remained constant.

CONCLUSION: The epidemiological indicators analyzed suggest active transmission and late diagnosis, signaling a possible hidden endemic disease.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Basso M
de Andrade R
da Silva R
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Revista gaucha de enfermagem
Volume
42
Number of Pages
e20190520
Date Published
01/2021
Language
eng, por
ISSN Number
1983-1447
DOI
10.1590/1983-1447.2021.20190520
Alternate Journal
Rev Gaucha Enferm
PMID
33787762
Publication Language
eng, por