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Phenolic glycolipid-I of Mycobacterium leprae induces general suppression of in vitro concanavalin A responses unrelated to leprosy type.

Abstract

Using a costimulant assay, in vitro Con A responses of patients across the leprosy spectrum were found to be markedly suppressed by phenolic glycolipid-I (PGL-I), a unique antigen of M. leprae. The degree of inducible suppression as well as the number of leprosy patients showing suppression of mitogenic responses was higher with PGL-I as compared with integral M. leprae (p less than 0.05 to less than 0.01). Both untreated lepromatous (60%) as well as tuberculoid leprosy (67%) patients showed significant suppression ranging from 13 to 64% and 12 to 79%, respectively. Thus, PGL-I appears to have a universal suppressive effect on Con A responses and is unlikely to play a central role in determining the leprosy spectrum.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Prasad H K
Mishra R S
Nath I
Year of Publication
1987
Journal
The Journal of experimental medicine
Volume
165
Issue
1
Number of Pages
239-44
Date Published
1987 Jan 01
Language
eng
ISSN Number
0022-1007
DOI
10.1084/jem.165.1.239
Alternate Journal
J. Exp. Med.
Publication Language
eng

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