Back to search
Publication

Is the WHO disability grading system for leprosy related to the level of functional activity and social participation?

Abstract

To investigate the relationship between the WHO disability grading system for leprosy with the limitations to perform daily functional activities and the decrease in social participation in participants with leprosy. Participants with a diagnosis of leprosy were recruited at the dermatology ambulatory clinic of the University Hospital of Sergipe. In order to investigate the association of WHO disability grading system for leprosy with activities of daily living measured with the Screening Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA) scale and with the social participation (P-scale), we performed an analysis with the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Spearman coefficient. Thirty-six patients diagnosed with leprosy participated in the study. Most of participants had mild to moderate daily activity limitations and 58% of participants did not have any restriction participation. The findings demonstrated that the WHO grading is associated with the level of activity (P < 0·0001; p = 0·58), but not with the level of participation (P <0·05; p = 0·27). Although the WHO grading system is used in Brazil and worldwide as an epidemiological indicator to explain the burden of leprosy, the results of this study demonstrated that in our sample the WHO grading system was not associated with participation. Participation is a complex construct with the influence of different psychosocial factors. In order to determine social participation damage of infectious diseases such as leprosy, it is necessary to develop new index of classification based on a broader definition of disability. Health professionals should consider the international classification of function and health (ICF) to develop such index.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Cunha de Souza VT
Da Silva Júnior WM
Ribeiro De Jesus AM
Oliveira DT
Raptis HA
De Freitas PHL
Schneiberg S
Year of Publication
2016
Journal
Leprosy review
Volume
87
Issue
2
Number of Pages
191-200
Language
eng
ISSN Number
0305-7518
Alternate Journal
Lepr Rev
Publication Language
eng