Thickened and Contralateral Non-Thickened Nerves Conduction Studies in Early Tuberculoid Leprosy
Introduction: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that primarily affects the peripheral nerves, skin, upper respiratory tract, eyes, and nasal mucosa. The aim of this study is to assess nerve conduction parameters in thickened and contralateral nonthickened nerves in tuberculoid leprosy.
Materials and Methods:The study population included 60 newly untreated leprosy and borderline tuberculoidleprosy patients in age group of 20-60 years. The statistical significance was calculated by paired t-test. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.
Results:Comparisons of the number of thickened and non-thickened nerves with reduced NCV showed a significant difference P<0.05. This statistically significant difference was observed in both sensory as well as motor nerve conduction velocity. Comparisons of the number of thickened and non-thickened nerves with distal latency showed a significant difference (P < 0.05).
Conclusion:In conclusion this study proves that the nerve conduction studies are helpful in early tuberculoid leprosy.
Keywords: Tuberculoid Leprosy, Peripheral Nerves, Nerve Conduction.