Study of Correlation of High-Resolution Ultrasonography and Ultrasonography Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Pure Neuritic Leprosy in a Tertiary Care Hospital
This study assesses the features of high-resolution ultrasonographic and ultrasound-guided FNAC of peripheral nerves and correlates the findings in clinically suspected cases of pure neuritic leprosy (PNL). As per the study protocol, clinically screened pure neuritic leprosy cases from January 2017 to June 2018 were subjected to high resonance ultrasonography and ultrasonography-guided FNAC. The aspirated material was stained with modified ZN stain for AFB. Nerves showed hypoechogenicity, loss or distorted echogenic rim, and fibrillary echotextures in ultrasonography. Epithelioid cells, epithelioid cell granuloma was found in the histopathology sections of FNAC specimens with the presence of AFB in some cases. From these findings it may be concluded that HRUS and ultrasound-guided FNAC could be incorporated as rapid and reliable diagnostic tools for PNL. It may enlighten the future path as an early indicator of neural damage and be critical and useful to prevent the disabilities.