Back to search
Publication

Role of CD8(+) T cells in triggering reversal reaction in HIV/leprosy patients.

Abstract

It has been reported that the initiation of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the development of reversal reaction (RR) in co-infected HIV/leprosy patients. Nevertheless, the impact of HIV and HAART on the cellular immune response to Mycobacterium leprae (ML) remains unknown. In the present study, we observed that ex vivo peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of both RR and RR/HIV patients presented increased percentages of activated CD4(+) T cells when compared with the healthy individuals (HC) group. The frequency of CD8(+)  CD38(+) cells increased in the PBMCs of RR/HIV patients but not in RR patients when compared with the HC group. Both RR and RR/HIV skin lesion cells presented similar percentages of activated CD4(+) cells, but the numbers of activated CD8(+) cells were higher in RR/HIV in comparison to the RR group. The frequency of interferon-γ-producing cells was high in response to ML regardless of HIV co-infection. In ML-stimulated cells, there was an increase in central memory CD4(+) T-cell frequencies in the RR and RR/HIV groups, but an increase in central memory CD8(+) T-cell frequency was only observed in the RR/HIV group. ML increased granzyme B(+) effector memory CD8(+) T-cell frequencies in the RR/HIV PBMCs, but not in the HC and RR groups. Our data suggest that the increased expression of effector memory CD8(+) T cells, together with greater perforin/granzyme B production, could be an additional mechanism leading to the advent of RR in co-infected patients. Moreoever, this increased expression may explain the severity of RR occurring in these patients.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Oliveira AL
Amadeu TP
França Gomes AC
Menezes VM
Costa Nery JA
Pinheiro RO
Sarno EN
Year of Publication
2013
Journal
Immunology
Volume
140
Issue
1
Number of Pages
47-60
Date Published
2013 Sep
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1365-2567
Call Number
OLIVEIRA 2013
DOI
10.1111/imm.12108
Alternate Journal
Immunology
Publication Language
eng