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Production of host-protective (IFN-gamma), host-impairing (IL-10, IL-13) and inflammatory (TNF-alpha) cytokines by PBMC from leprosy patients stimulated with mycobacterial antigens.

Abstract

The production of IFNgamma, IL-10, IL-13 and TNFalpha was determined using PBMC from 7 tuberculoid (TT) and 7 lepromatous leprosy (LL) patients, after stimulation with several mycobacterial antigens, in an attempt to characterize the cytokine responses to these antigens. The results showed that TT patients displayed higher IFNgamma levels than LL patients with the mycobacterial antigens tested, but no differences in IL-10 production were observed between the two groups. MLSC antigen was associated with the lowest IFNgamma production in TT and LL groups. Only BCG could be identified with stimulation of IFNgamma production in some LL patients. The mycobacterial antigens SP+, SP- and BCG were associated with higher TNFalpha production in patients and controls, suggesting that these antigens could be involved in immunopathological effects. Our findings showed that the antigens tested were associated with a heterogeneous cytokine production in leprosy patients. Further studies are required to establish if an individual antigen can be identified as inducing a protective immune response in leprosy.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Machado P
Abrams J
Santos S
Brennan P
Barral A
Barral-Netto M
Year of Publication
1998
Journal
European journal of dermatology : EJD
Volume
8
Issue
2
Number of Pages
98-103
Date Published
1998 Mar
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1167-1122
Alternate Journal
Eur J Dermatol
Publication Language
eng

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