A process report on physical and psychological determiners of social functioning in leprosy patients.
Management and rehabilitation of leprosy patients needs information aoout the social acceptance and its association with physical and psychological problems of the affected person. Ninety three leprosy patients (72 male and 21 female) were selected from outpatient department of the hospitals/clinics and their demographic and clinical informations were recorded. The patients were screened for common menta diseases using GHQ-60 (Bengali version). The social functioning was assessed using SSFI. Mean age was 35.19 +/- 12.5 years, 69.9% of the subjects were from urban areas. Multibacillary cases accounted for 60.2% of the cases, 21.5% of the patients had deformity, 53.8% of the patients screened positive for common psychiatric diseases. Social functioning impairment of mild, moderate and severe level was 9.7%, 82.8, and 7.5% respectively. On Univariate analysis, presence of deformity was the only variable showing significant association with moderate to severe degree of social impairment. Using decision tree (Exhaustive CHAID) analysis, presence of deformity along with urban residence was strongly predicted severe social functioning impairment. The results of the study show the need to formulate suitable psychosocial intervention strategy especially in the context of high psychiatric morbidity.