Leprosy in the post-elimination era: a clinico-epidemiological study from a northern Indian tertiary care hospital.

Printer-friendly version
TitleLeprosy in the post-elimination era: a clinico-epidemiological study from a northern Indian tertiary care hospital.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsArif T, Amin SS, Adil M, Dorjay K, Raj D
Abbrev. JournalActa Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat
JournalActa dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica
Year of Publication2019
Volume28
Issue1
Pagination7-10
Publication Languageeng
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Despite being eliminated from India in 2005, there are still a considerable number of leprosy cases.

METHODS: A prospective hospital-based study involving all leprosy patients attending the leprosy clinic at the Department of Dermatology from January 2015 to December 2016.

RESULTS: A total of 220 patients visited the leprosy clinic during the study period. Most of the patients (48.7%) were 20 to 40 years old. Multibacillary disease was more common in females (84.7%) than males (67.6%), and in rural patients (80.9%) than urban patients (64.8%). Borderline lepromatous leprosy was the most common (38.2%) type of leprosy seen, followed by lepromatous leprosy (28.2%) and borderline tuberculoid leprosy (21.4%).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite elimination, leprosy continues to be a health problem in this part of the world. We have shown that females and the rural population are more susceptible to multibacillary disease.

PubMed URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30901062?dopt=Abstract

DOI10.15570/actaapa.2019.2
Link to full texthttp://www.acta-apa.org/journals/acta-dermatovenerol-apa/papers/10.15570/actaapa.2019.2/actaapa.2019.2.pdf