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Leprosy patients quality of life: a scoping review.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explore the scientific evidence regarding the leprosy patients quality of life.

METHOD: Scoping review according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology, with articles indexed in PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, PsyINFO, INFOLEP, and Google Scholar databases, published in full in Portuguese, English, or Spanish.

RESULTS: Seventy-four studies were identified, with 71 of quantitative approach and 3 with a mixed method. There was a predominance of studies published in Brazil (58.1%), with an adult population, (97.3%) and recruited in reference centers for the treatment of leprosy (52.7%). There was greater use of the WHOQOL-bref (50%) and SF-36 (18.9%) instruments to assess quality of life. The study showed that the greatest impairment in quality of life was related to the delay in the diagnosis of the disease, to leprosy reactions, physical disabilities, neuropathic pain, and stigma.

CONCLUSION: Most studies were developed in endemic countries, with adults, and based on observational studies, and the worst scores obtained were associated with physical domain impairment.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Barcelos R
de Sousa G
de Almeida M
Palacio F
Gaíva M
Ferreira S
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Volume
55
Number of Pages
e20200357
Date Published
01/2021
Language
eng, por
ISSN Number
1980-220X
DOI
10.1590/1980-220X-REEUSP-2020-0357
Alternate Journal
Rev Esc Enferm USP
PMID
34495209
Publication Language
eng, por