|Title||Leprosy incidence, characterization of cases and correlation with household and cases variables of the Brazilian states in 2010.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||de Castro SS, Santos JPP, Abreu GB, Oliveira VR, Fernandes LFRM|
|Abbrev. Journal||An Bras Dermatol|
|Journal||Anais brasileiros de dermatologia|
|Year of Publication||2016|
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is millenary disease and still persists in several countries.
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of leprosy in the Brazilian states and for the country in the year 2010; to describe the cases reported according to the studied variables; to verify the correlation between the overall incidence and the studied variables.
METHODS: Ecological descriptive study, with population data from the 27 states, 2010. Information about reported cases were collected: gender, race, percentage of patients younger than 15 years old and living conditions. The analysis was performed using percentages, means, incidence rates and the Spearman correlation test.
RESULTS: The states of Mato Grosso and Tocantins recorded the highest incidence rates; Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, the lowest; there was a higher incidence of leprosy among men; the incidence of leprosy increases proportionally with the nonwhites among the inhabitants; patients younger than 15 years; the average number of residents per household; and a decrease in coverage of water supply and presence of bathrooms.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of leprosy is related to factors as gender, race and house conditions (p<0,05 for all).
|Link to full text||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4782643/pdf/abd-91-01-0028.pdf|