Leprosy incidence, characterization of cases and correlation with household and cases variables of the Brazilian states in 2010.

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TitleLeprosy incidence, characterization of cases and correlation with household and cases variables of the Brazilian states in 2010.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Authorsde Castro SS, Santos JPP, Abreu GB, Oliveira VR, Fernandes LFRM
Abbrev. JournalAn Bras Dermatol
JournalAnais brasileiros de dermatologia
Year of Publication2016
Volume91
Issue1
Pagination28-33
Publication Languageeng
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Leprosy is millenary disease and still persists in several countries.

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of leprosy in the Brazilian states and for the country in the year 2010; to describe the cases reported according to the studied variables; to verify the correlation between the overall incidence and the studied variables.

METHODS: Ecological descriptive study, with population data from the 27 states, 2010. Information about reported cases were collected: gender, race, percentage of patients younger than 15 years old and living conditions. The analysis was performed using percentages, means, incidence rates and the Spearman correlation test.

RESULTS: The states of Mato Grosso and Tocantins recorded the highest incidence rates; Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, the lowest; there was a higher incidence of leprosy among men; the incidence of leprosy increases proportionally with the nonwhites among the inhabitants; patients younger than 15 years; the average number of residents per household; and a decrease in coverage of water supply and presence of bathrooms.

CONCLUSION: The incidence of leprosy is related to factors as gender, race and house conditions (p<0,05 for all).

PubMed URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26982775?dopt=Abstract

DOI10.1590/abd1806-4841.20164360
Link to full texthttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4782643/pdf/abd-91-01-0028.pdf