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Leprosy incidence, characterization of cases and correlation with household and cases variables of the Brazilian states in 2010.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Leprosy is millenary disease and still persists in several countries.

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of leprosy in the Brazilian states and for the country in the year 2010; to describe the cases reported according to the studied variables; to verify the correlation between the overall incidence and the studied variables.

METHODS: Ecological descriptive study, with population data from the 27 states, 2010. Information about reported cases were collected: gender, race, percentage of patients younger than 15 years old and living conditions. The analysis was performed using percentages, means, incidence rates and the Spearman correlation test.

RESULTS: The states of Mato Grosso and Tocantins recorded the highest incidence rates; Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, the lowest; there was a higher incidence of leprosy among men; the incidence of leprosy increases proportionally with the nonwhites among the inhabitants; patients younger than 15 years; the average number of residents per household; and a decrease in coverage of water supply and presence of bathrooms.

CONCLUSION: The incidence of leprosy is related to factors as gender, race and house conditions (p<0,05 for all).

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Castro SS
Santos JPP
Abreu GB
Oliveira VR
Fernandes LFRM
Year of Publication
2016
Journal
Anais brasileiros de dermatologia
Volume
91
Issue
1
Number of Pages
28-33
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1806-4841
DOI
10.1590/abd1806-4841.20164360
Alternate Journal
An Bras Dermatol
Publication Language
eng