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Lagophthalmos in leprosy: clinical experience in an Amazon reference center

Abstract
Objective:
The present study aimed to characterize the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients with lagophthalmos associated with leprosy, seen at the ophthalmology outpatient clinic of Fundação Alfredo da Matta, Manaus, Amazonas.

Methods:
This is a retrospective study carried out by analyzing the medical records of the patients included in the study. Sex, age, clinical form, degree of disability in diagnosis and outcome were obtained from medical records. Onset, type of impairment (unilateral or bilateral), degree of intensity of lagophthalmos and associated eye changes were also compiled.

Results:
65 patients were included; 66.1% were male and 53.8% were older than 60 years. Regarding the operational classification of leprosy, most patients (81.5%) were multibacillary: 33.8% in the form of borderline leprosy and 47% virchowian. 36.9% of cases had ocular sequelae associated with lagophthalmos: corneal opacity, epiphora, band keratopathy, and corneal neovascularization.41.6% progressed to blindness. Lagophthalmos was performed clinically in 23 patients and the surgical approach was indicated in 42. Regarding surgical treatment, it consisted mainly of gold weight implantation and Tessier's canthoplasty. Discussion: Lagophthalmos in this sample affected more elderly men, was related to the multibacillary form, with leprosy-like leprosy as reported in the literature. The diagnosis of lagophthalmos was delayed in most cases, explaining the large number of sequelae including blindness.

Conclusion:
The present study reinforces the need for early eye care so that the potential and serious sequelae associated with this condition are avoided.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Bentes GL
Matayoshi S
Talhari C
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
Volume
80
Issue
1
Language
eng, por
ISSN Number
0034-7280
DOI
10.5935/0034-7280.20210005
Publication Language
eng, por