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How to reduce stigma in leprosy--a systematic literature review.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce leprosy-related stigma reduce the manifestations of stigma that cause so much suffering to individuals and their families.

PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to identify interventions that have been used to reduce such stigma and to summarise what is known about their efficacy.

METHOD: Electronic searches were undertaken using PubMed (Medline), CINAHL and PsycInfo databases. The internet was searched using Google Scholar for papers not published in these databases. All relevant papers written in Thai or English were included.

RESULTS: After reading 55 papers, three duplications and parallel literatures were removed, 18 were removed on abstract screening and nine after reading the full papers; eventually, 25 were included in this review. Interventions with some evidence of effectiveness in terms of stigma reduction comprise the integration of leprosy programmes into general health care; Information Education and Communication (IEC) programmes; and socio-economic rehabilitation.

CONCLUSION: More evaluations are needed of the effect of the integration of leprosy programmes into general health services. The design and implementation of IEC interventions need to be preceded by careful study of the target area and population and should be undertaken in combination with other activities.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Sermrittirong S
van Brakel WH
Bunbers-Aelen J
Year of Publication
2014
Journal
Leprosy review
Volume
85
Issue
3
Number of Pages
149-57
Date Published
09/2014
Language
eng
ISSN Number
0305-7518
Alternate Journal
Lepr Rev
PMID
25509715
Publication Language
eng