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[Eye involvement in leprosy. A study in Togo, West Africa].

Abstract

It is well known that ocular changes occur in leprosy, but data on their frequency differ very considerably (0.8-100%). Two groups of lepers in Togo were examined: first, 206 lepers who had had the disease for approximately 10 years and a second group (101) patients who had been suffering from it for approximately 24 years and had severe mutilations. It became apparent that sooner or later all lepers suffer from ocular complications. The following symptoms were found: loss of the eyebrows in 40.8% (42.6%), loss of the eyelashes in 29.6% (34.6%), lagophthalmos caused by involvement of the 7th cranial nerve in 21.4% (31.7%), corneal changes in 34.5% (49.5%), uveitis in 5.8% (19.8%), atrophy of the optic nerve in 12.6% (11.9%) and cataract in 21.8% (12.8%). The duration of the disease, the type of leprosy and the time when treatment was started are obviously the main factors associated with ocular changes in leprosy.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Trojan H J
Schaller K F
Merschmann W
Year of Publication
1984
Journal
Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
Volume
185
Issue
4
Number of Pages
235-42
Date Published
1984 Oct
Language
ger
ISSN Number
0023-2165
DOI
10.1055/s-2008-1054606
Alternate Journal
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
Publication Language
ger

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