Back to search
Publication

Evaluation of bone and mineral metabolism in patients recently diagnosed with leprosy.

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate patients recently diagnosed with the tuberculoid and lepromatous forms of leprosy for bone mass, bone remodeling, and hormones related to mineral control. Eleven normal control individuals (CG) and 12 patients with leprosy (LG) matched for physical characteristics were submitted to evaluation of bone mass density (BMD) and to the determination of serum levels of PTH, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], testosterone, LH, FSH, osteocalcin (OC), and urinary levels of deoxypyridinoline (DPD). The T score of lumbar spine and total radius (mean +/- SD) were significantly lower in leprosy patients (L1-L4: CG = -0.7 +/- 1.5 vs LG = -1.8 +/- 1.0 SD, P < 0.04, and total radius: CG = -1.43 +/- 0.6 vs LG = -2.1 +/- 0.8 SD, P <0.02), whereas no significant differences were observed in total hip or femoral neck T score. However, at all sites, the rate of low bone mass (T score < -1.0) was higher in LG (femoral neck: CG = 18% vs LG = 50%, total hip: CG = 27% vs LG = 42%). There was a significant difference in albumin and PTH levels between groups but not in serum 25(OH)D and OC levels or urinary DPD levels. The present results indicate that bone mass loss is an early event in leprosy patients and frequently is already present at diagnosis. Its etiopathogenesis is multifactorial, and further studies are needed to determine the most efficient way to prevent fractures in this condition. The data obtained in the present study need confirmation by the evaluation of a larger sample.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Ribeiro FB
Pereira FA
Muller E
Foss NT
Paula FJA
Year of Publication
2007
Journal
The American journal of the medical sciences
Volume
334
Issue
5
Number of Pages
322-6
Date Published
2007 Nov
Language
eng
ISSN Number
0002-9629
DOI
10.1097/MAJ.0b013e318142bafb
Alternate Journal
Am. J. Med. Sci.
Publication Language
eng

More publications on: