|Title||Is drug-resistant Mycobacterium leprae a real cause for concern?: First approach to molecular monitoring of multibacillary Colombian patients with and without previous leprosy treatment.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Translated Title||¿Es la resistencia de Mycobacterium leprae a los medicamentos un verdadero motivo de preocupación? Primera aproximación a la vigilancia molecular de pacientes colombianos multibacilares con tratamiento previo para lepra y sin él|
|Authors||Guerrero MI, Colorado CL, Torres JF, León CI|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Keywords||Drug Resistance, Leprosy|
Introduction: There is no information in Colombia on Mycobacterium leprae primary and secondary drug resistance in regards to the WHO-multidrug therapy regime. On the other hand, public health authorities around the world have issued various recommendations, one of which prompts for the immediate organization of resistance surveillance through simple molecular methods. Objective: To determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium leprae drug resistance to rifampicin, ofloxacin and dapsone in untreated and previously treated patients at the Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta during the 1985-2004 period. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective study which included multibacillary patient biopsies through elective sampling: 381 of them from new patients and 560 from previously treated patients. Using a microtome, we obtained six slides from each skin biopsy preserved in paraffin, and we extracted M. leprae DNA. We amplified three molecular targets through PCR and obtained the patterns of drug resistance to dapsone, rifampicin and ofloxacin by reverse hybridization. Finally, we collected epidemiological, clinical and demographical data for analyses. Results: From 941 samples under study, 4.14% of them were resistant to one or more drugs, and 5.77 and 3.04% had resistant genotypes in new and previously treated patients, respectively. Total resistance for each drug was 0.43% for dapsone, 3.19% for rifampicin and 1.17% for ofloxacin. We found statistically significant differences for rifampicin and for the total population when comparing the results from untreated versus previously treated patients. Two thirds of the resistant samples were resistant to rifampicin alone or combined. Conclusions: The standard multidrug therapy schemes continue being effective for leprosy cases; however, it is necessary to guarantee adherence and regularity. Surveillance to drug resistance in new and previously treated leprosy cases should be established.
|Translated Abstract|| |
Introducción. Colombia no dispone de información sobre farmacorresistencia primaria y secundaria de Mycobacterium leprae al esquema de terapia múltiple de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y las autoridades de salud pública del mundo han emitido varias recomendaciones, entre las cuales está organizar de inmediato la vigilancia a la resistencia empleando métodos moleculares simples.