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Disability Level, Physical Activity Limitations, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy of Persons Living with Leprosy in Selected States in Nigeria

Abstract
Background: Leprosy-related disability is a challenge to public health, social and rehabilitation services in endemic countries. The study investigated self-esteem, self-efficacy, disability level and physical activity limitations of persons living with leprosy (PLL) in Nigeria.

Methods: The cross-sectional study involving 123 purposively sampled PLL from 5 randomly selected Nigerian states using the Morris Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), General self-efficacy scale (GSES), World Health Organization Eyes, Hands and Feet (EHF) scores, and the Screening of Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA) instrument. Mann-Whitney U-test and Spearman Rank Order correlation were used to analyze data at < 0.05 level of significance.

Results: The Mean age of participants was43.39±16.48years. Mean scores on the RSES and GSES and EHF were 13.82 5.52,30.56 5.42 and 6.46 respectively; and 50.42 14.53 on the SALSA, with significant negative correlation between RSES and SALSA (ρ= -0.344; p= 0.0001); GSES and SALSA (ρ= -0.423; p= 0.0001) and GSES and WHO-DG (ρ= -0.181; p=0.023). No significant difference was found between males and females on the RSES, GSES, EHF and SALSA (p> 0.05 in all cases).

Conclusion: PLLs had moderate levels of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and disability with severe limitations of physical activity, with significant correlations among all.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Umunnah JO
Mmadieke OC
Amaechi IA
Alom GO
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research
Volume
13
Issue
1
Number of Pages
1-8
Language
eng
ISSN Number
2219-3170
Publication Language
eng