Clinico-sociodemographic Profile of Leprosy Neuropathy in Medan, Indonesia
Background: Leprosy neuropathy is still a serious health issue in emerging and underdeveloped nations. Nerve damage caused by leprosy that is not handled properly and quickly will cause disability. Therefore, information about characteristic of leprosy patients with neuropathy is very necessary. The purpose of this study is to identify the clinico-sociodemographic characteristics of leprosy patients who have neuropathy. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that uses the consecutive sampling strategy on 21 leprosy patients who have neuropathy. Leprosy neuropathy was examined using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments. Results: Sociodemographic characteristics were mostly in the age group 18-35 years (57.1%), male (85.7%), secondary education level (57.1%), and work as employee (33.3%). The majority of the research subjects were multibacillary (MB) type leprosy (100%), experiencing leprosy reactions (42.9%), release from treatment (RFT) (47.6%), leprosy duration >12 months (57.1%), experienced symptoms of neuropathy (95.2 %), duration of neuropathy symptoms ≤ 1 year (52.4%), neuropathy location in the lower bilateral extremities (52.4%), and did not have a grade 2 leprosy disability according to WHO (90.5%). Conclusions: The majority of leprosy neuropathy patients were in the age group of 18-35 years, male, secondary education level, employee, MB type leprosy, experiencing leprosy reactions, RFT, duration of leprosy >12 months, experienced symptoms of neuropathy, duration of neuropathy symptoms ≤1 year, neuropathy location in the lower bilateral extremities, and did not have a grade 2 leprosy disability according to WHO.