Childhood leprosy: A retrospective descriptive study from Delhi

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TitleChildhood leprosy: A retrospective descriptive study from Delhi
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsGhunawat S, Relhan V, Mittal S, Sandhu J, Garg VK
Abbrev. JournalIndian J Dermatol
JournalIndian journal of dermatology
Year of Publication2018
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsChildhood leprosy, Hospital-based data, India, Leprosy, Postelimination era, Retrospective study

Background: Childhood leprosy is an important marker of the status of the ongoing leprosy control programme, as it is an indicator of active disease transmission in the community. Despite achievement of elimination status of leprosy in 2005, the reported prevalence of childhood cases continue to be high. Method: A retrospective analysis of 11 year records of leprosy patients aged less than 15 years in a tertiary care hospital of central Delhi was carried out from 2005-2015. Data were analysed using SPSS 22.0 system. Result: A total of 113 (7.6%) cases of childhood leprosy were reported during the 11 year period from 2005-2015. Multibacillary cases constituted a total of 57 (50.4%), while paucibacillary constituted 56 (49.6%) cases. The M:F ratio noted was 2.5:1. Signs of reaction were found in 15% cases, while deformity was noted in 24.7% cases. Conclusion: The rate of childhood leprosy continues to be high. Lack of proper access to health facilities, ignorance among the general population, high susceptibility due to immature immune system etc make this population highly vulnerable. Limitations: Limited data of 11 years from an urban center were analyzed.

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