The Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC). Contribution to cross-cultural research methods from a study of leprosy and mental health.

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TitleThe Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC). Contribution to cross-cultural research methods from a study of leprosy and mental health.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsWeiss MG, Doongaji DR, Siddhartha S, Wypij D, Pathare S, Bhatawdekar M, Bhave A, Sheth A, Fernandes R
Abbrev. JournalBr J Psychiatry
JournalThe British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
Year of Publication1992
Volume160
Pagination819-30
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Attitude to Health, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Depressive Disorder, Female, Hospitals, Teaching, Humans, India, Interviews as Topic, Leprosy, Male, Medicine, Traditional, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Patient Compliance, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Religion and Psychology, Tinea Versicolor, Vitiligo
Abstract

The Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) has been developed to elicit illness-related perceptions, beliefs, and practices in a cultural study of leprosy and mental health in Bombay. Leprosy is an especially appropriate disorder for studying the inter-relationship of culture, mental health and medical illness because of deeply rooted cultural meanings, the emotional burden, and underuse of effective therapy. Fifty per cent of 56 recently diagnosed leprosy out-patients, 37% of 19 controls with another stigmatised dermatological condition (vitiligo), but only 8% of 12 controls with a comparable non-stigmatised condition (tinea versicolor) met DSM-III-R criteria for an axis I depressive, anxiety or somatoform disorder. Belief in a humoral (traditional) cause of illness predicted better attendance at clinic.

PubMed URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1617366?dopt=Abstract

Shelf markWEISS1992
Grant ListMH00616 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States